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Turin (Torino in Italian) is a major city in northern Italy, located in the Piedmont region. It's a city steeped in history, art, and culture and has been an important cultural and economic center for Italy throughout its history. Here are some interesting points about Turin: First Capital of Modern Italy: Turin was the first capital of modern Italy from 1861 to 1865. This historical significance is reflected in its grand architecture and stately palaces. Home of the Shroud: The Turin Cathedral houses the Shroud of Turin, a linen cloth believed by many to be the burial shroud of Jesus Christ. Cinema History: Turin claims to be the birthplace of Italian cinema and hosts the National Museum of Cinema, located inside the Mole Antonelliana, which is an architectural landmark of the city. Automobile Capital: The city is the headquarters of Fiat and has played a central role in the Italian auto industry. The National Automobile Museum in Turin traces the history of the automobile, with a special emphasis on Italy's contribution. Elegant Coffee Culture: Turin has a rich coffee culture with historic coffee houses, like Caff├¿ Torino and Caff├¿ Mulassano. Turin is also famous for inventing bicerin, a traditional hot drink made of espresso, drinking chocolate, and whole milk. Chocolate Delight: The city has a rich tradition in chocolate-making. Gianduja, a sweet chocolate spread containing about 30% hazelnut paste, originated in Turin. Egyptian Museum: The Museo Egizio in Turin is the only museum other than the Cairo Museum that is dedicated solely to ancient Egyptian art and culture. It's considered one of the most significant collections of Egyptian artifacts in the world. Baroque Architecture: Turin boasts a wealth of baroque buildings and squares, including the Palazzo Carignano and Palazzo Madama. Royal Residences: The House of Savoy, which ruled Italy until 1946, had its roots in the Turin region. The Residences of the Royal House of Savoy are a group of buildings in Turin and the nearby countryside, designated as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. Surrounded by Alps: The city's location offers a unique backdrop of the Alps, providing picturesque views, especially during clear days. International Book Fair: Turin hosts one of Italy's most important literary events, the Turin International Book Fair. Parks and the River Po: The city has many green spaces, with the banks of the River Po being particularly popular for strolls. In essence, Turin is a blend of regal history, industrial prominence, rich culture, and gastronomic delights, making it a unique and must-visit city in Italy.