Spanish Civil War and Picasso’s Guernica Tour in Madrid
Today you'll embark on a journey through the Civil War in Madrid, starting with Franco’s Monument to the Fallen, which was constructed during his regime on the site of the city’s first skirmish. We’ll continue along Gran Vía, a commercial and entertainment artery where the Telefónica Building—one of Europe’s first skyscrapers—became the main target for bombardments.
The Spanish Civil War was one of the most romanticized conflicts of the 20th century, inspiring the works of an accomplished list of contemporary writers and artists, including Ernest Hemingway, George Orwell, Orson Welles, Dorothy Parker, Pablo Neruda, and Pablo Picasso. Picasso’s Guernica is one the most recognizable symbols of the horrors of war, but it served as a key piece of propaganda used to gather support for the war. In light of its influential status, you''ll visit Reina Sofía Museum, whereyou'll view this monumental oeuvre.